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Institute for population and human studies
  • Nasselenie Review
  • ISSN 0205-0617    (Print)
    ISSN 2367-9174 (Online)
Mortality in Bulgaria in the period 2000–2013
Elitsa Dimitrova
The paper aims to outline the trends in mortality of the Bul¬garian population in the period. The analysis is focused on the dynamics of the de¬mographic indicators outlining gender, age and education differences in mortality as well as differences in the causes of death. Special emphasis is put also on the dynamics of (healthy) life expectancy among men and women in Bulgaria. The results delineate growing social inequalities in mortality and (healthy) life expectancy in the recent period. These inequalities present the main challenge to the recent demo¬graphic policy of the country which should focus more on their alleviation in order to guarantee social equality for different social groups and sustainable socio-economic development in the future.
Key words: mortality; causes of death; excess-mortality; health; socio-economic in¬equalities
*Article language: Bulgarian
Spatial Feature of Ethnic and Educational Structure of the Population in Social-Economic Territorial Distribution Shumen, Novi Pazar, Kaspichan and Veliki Preslav
Ivaylo Vladev
The variety of forms of spatial organization of community and technical components determine the necessity of different regional researches. In the viewed theory there are different premises for the forming of defined demographical potential, which has not been complex researched. The population’s structures have a specific place in the separate territorial units. To spatial analysis are being submitted to ethnical and educational structures, which refer to social-economics structures based on the information of population census from 1992, 2001 and 2011. Their condition and changes reflect on the communal development of the separate territorial units. They cause defined changes on population’s growth, social-economical and cultural development, their spatial distribution. The ethnical content of the population in the territorial parts have major influence on the state of the demographical crisis and the educational and cultural state highly motivates migration decision making. This determines depopulation processes mainly in the country regions.
Key words: ethnical structure; educational structure of the population; social-economi¬cal territorial system
*Article language: Bulgarian
Changes in the Age Profile of Urban Poverty in Bulgaria during the 1992–2008 Period
Silviya Nikolova
The main goal of the current study is to present in details the urban poverty and income inequality in Bulgaria during the 1992-2008 period. On the one hand, the poverty and inequality levels in the capital and the big cities are studied. On the other hand, these figures are opposed to the poverty and inequality levels in the small towns. Based on a decomposition of the poverty indices, the age and profile of the persons living in poverty in the urban areas in Bulgaria is analyzed. The main data source for this analysis are unidentified individual data from the Bulgarian Household Budget Surveys (BHBS) for the years between 1992 and 2008.
Key words: urban; poverty; income inequality; age poverty profile
*Article language: Bulgarian
Policy, Aimed at Territorial Redistribution Population of the Coun¬try, Legislation of Post-Liberation Bulgaria (1878– 912)
Mario Alexandrov
The aim of this research is building up a concept in Bulgarian legislation during the period of 1878 – 1912 concerning one of the major tendencies in our migration politics, and namely the one which has to do with territorial redistribution of the population of the country. The major conclusion of the analysis made is that, although gradually, this concept is becoming crucial in the migration politics, carried out during the analyzed period in our lands.
Key words: Bulgarian lands population; migration policy; demographic policy
*Article language: Bulgarian
For Some Indicators in the Field of Public Health Statistics and the Data Dissemination of Comparable Statistics by Eurostat
Evelin Yordanova
A brief overview of the new elements in the field of data dis¬semination by Eurostat in some areas of public health statistics - statistics on causes of deaths as well as sample surveys of the health status of population is presented. The revised European standard population used by Eurostat since 2013 for calculation of standardized death rates is discussed. New, more detailed European harmonized shortlist, comprising 86 reasons in accordance with the International Classification of Diseases is used for production of comparable data at international level. The shortlist is developed for application of VIIIth, IXth and Xth revisions of the ICD, which allows comparison of data for a long period of time among the various countries. Some integrated indicators characterizing healthy life years, calculated and published by Eurostat, are also presented. The data sources are described and more recent data are presented. The article is prepared on the basis of a presentation made by the author at the first Demographic Situation and the Development of Bulgaria Demographic Forum organized by the Institute for Population and Human Studies, 26 – 27.02.2014 within the Working Group “Health, Life Expectancy and Mortality.“
Key words: Public health statistics; causes of death; standard population; European Short List; European Health Interview Survey; Healthy life years
*Article language: Bulgarian
Ethnoregional Differenciation of Fertility in Bulgaria, 2001–2010
Ratcho Stoev
Total fertility rate (TFR) is evaluated for 2001–2010 on the basis of age structure of major ethnic groups in Bulgaria according the 1.2.2011 census, for the whole country and by districts. By districts TFR varies least in Bulgarians – from 1,01 in Veliko Tyrnovo to 1,27 in Sliven. Higher is the variation in Turks – from 1,07 in Smoljan to 2,17 in Jambol. Highest is the fertility variation in Roma – from 2,14 in Pazardzhik to 3,53 in Smoljan. Roma remain the ethnic group in which the demographic transition is still not completed and there is extended population reproduction in all districts.
Key words: Total fertility rate; ethnic differentiation; regional differentiation; Bulgaria; Roma
*Article language: Bulgarian